ConstipationConstipation is a term that is used to describe a medical condition where a person is not able to pass out stool regularly or cannot completely empty their bowels. Medically, less than three stools per week is referred to as constipation and severe constipation as less than one stool per week. Your body extracts nutrients from what you eat and drink, processes them and prepares left over material for disposal. That material passes through the intestine before being stored temporarily in the colon, where water is removed. The residue is excreted through the bowels, normally within a day or two. The longer faecal matter sits in the colon, the harder the stool becomes and the more difficult it is to pass. This can lead to pile due to straining on the toilet to get stool out. There are many causes of constipation including medications, poor bowel habits, abuse of laxatives, hormonal disorders, diseases primarily of other parts of the body that also affects the colon etc.
The key to preventing constipation is simple enough: drink adequate amounts of water, get sufficient fibre, exercise regularly, reduce stress and always respond immediately to the call of nature.